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31st August 2012
The Geographies of Homelessness: Homeless Experiences and Homeless Policy in Different Spaces

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Immigrants, particularly recent immigrants, are a significant and, in many countries, an increasing proportion of the clients of homeless services. This issue does not only concern third country nationals but also EU citizens exercising their right to freedom of movement who appear as a significant proportion of the homeless population in many metropolitan centres.

The causes of homelessness vary for immigrants, depending on their personal situation and the legal status afforded to them by the receiving country.
Among the key factors linking migration to homelessness are: legal status, which affects the right to social or public sector housing, to social protection, to work and can also affect immigrants’ right to access homelessness services; ethnicity, which can have a significant impact on access to the housing market (often because of discrimination); and institutional factors, such as restrictions on new admissions of migrant workers and non-renewal of work permits.
Legal status is paramount not only as regards access to housing but also concerning access to emergency accommodation, since in a number of Member States, access to publicly-funded homeless services is denied to non-nationals or to undocumented migrants.

FEANTSA believes that migration policies should pay more attention to housing exclusion and that the debate about access to emergency accommodation regardless of status should be strengthened. For more information, contact Mauro Striano (mauro.striano@feantsa.org).

[02/2011]  Preventing destitution of EU citizens
The right to free movement is one of the fundamental rights of EU citizens. Numerous people make use of this right every day and many people have permanently established a new life abroad, thus contributing to the wealth and growth of the host society. However, there is a small but significant proportion of EU citizens for whom moving to another Member State has become a poverty trap. They are destitute and homeless and face difficulties in accessing the right support. Their vulnerable situation is closely linked to EU policies and legislation in the area of free movement of citizens as well as internal migration law and its interpretation at national level. Given its responsibility in this field, FEANTSA calls on the EU to guarantee access to emergency accommodation and emergency support to EU citizens who find themselves destitute in another Member State than the Member State of which they hold nationality. This support should be provided until a sustainable solution that ensures dignity of the person and his/her family has been found.
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Conference - Conférence

[02/2012]  Seminar on EU citizenship, homelessness and free movement
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[04/2011] Opinion on the seasonal workers directive
The idea of having a directive setting minimum standards for the entry and residence of third-country seasonal workers appeared for the first time in the Policy Plan on Legal Migration issued in 2005. However, it was only in July 2010, after the Stockholm Programme reiterated the request, that the European Commission eventually published a proposal for a directive. Although the adoption of this directive would be a step forward towards a common EU migration policy, the text needs to be improved in order to ensure adequate living and working conditions and make the provided provisions effective.
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Conference on Homelessness and Migration [12/3/2012]
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CEMR Thematic Network on EU Integration Policies [10/26/2012]
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Annual Conference on the Conditions of Homeless Migrants [10/26/2012]
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